How to Frame a Roof
In order to make sure that your roof withstands your roofing material, you must frame your roof correctly. It will allow the roof to hold up against falling limbs and heavy winds. The roof frame applied in the right manner will allow it to last for decades. Otherwise, if your measurements aren't precise and you fail to use sufficient support beams, the roof will collapse because of high stress and inconsistent quality. In this article, you will learn how to frame a roof but first, let's discuss what roof framing is.
What is the roof frame?
The load-bearing structure that helps to support all the roofing material is called the roof frame. The two most commonly used approaches to roof framing are:
- Stick framing
Stick framing is a method of roof support assembling on-site. In this method, the basic roof frame is boxed out with valley beams or ridge beams, where an array of wooden rafters is used for the support. On the other hand, a triangular web of prefabricated lumber is used in a truss frame. Each truss helps to hold the walls together by providing roof support. It's a type of roof framing with strong and sturdy support. Different roof styles are framed differently, and before designing the roof frame, you'll need to choose the right style for your roof. The following are some of the best roof designs that you can choose for your roofs.
Different Roof Designs
Even the most basic roof style types come with several variations that allow you to have more attic space and a changed appearance. Below is the breakdown of some of the most common ones.
There are some downsides of having a flat roof as it cannot shed debris, snow, and water, which makes it vulnerable to harsh weather and leaks. Moreover, the sheathing and flashing require precision and skill to install the flat roof correctly. But many people still enjoy the flat roofs as they allow you to have a nice roof deck where you can enjoy peaceful weather with your family.
If you want a roof with a simple design then, a gable roof is your best choice. It comes with a straightforward construction, and its roof pitch keeps your roof protected from the wild elements.
A shed roof, which is also known as a lean-to roof, comes with a single slope. It’s best to use the shed roof if you’re planning to add another room to your house.
It's one of the most durable roof styles, which is best to use in places with heavy snowfalls.
Once you have chosen a roof style, you’ll need to define your common rafter’s length and the pitch of your roof. You can start the process by measuring your space length. The common length of the rafter will be half of the space length since the rafter meets in the center. Additionally, consider using the construction calculator to find the rafter’s length after measuring the pitch and length of your roof. It’s recommended to perform some test cuts if you don’t have any prior experience.
Generally, trusses and rafters are placed 24 inches apart. But you have to keep in mind that depending upon the material type and the roof design, 12 inches or 16 inches spacing may suit better. You can place your ridge board once you have successfully placed some common rafters. Once you successfully place the ridge beam, you can complete the frame by securing the trusses or rafters, and that's about it.
We hope that this guide will help you to understand the basic roof framing procedure. Keep in mind that framing a roof is not an easy task. We recommend you hire a professional if you are inexperienced in framing and roofing.
Looking for roofing services? Superior Roofing has your back! Check out our website or call 770-279-2621.